S. Berliner, III's berliner-ultrasonics.org Ultrasonics Guidance Page keywords = Berliner III Berlin ultrasonic processing cavitate cavitating cavitation cleaning fluid filtration home.att.net
Updated:  13 Aug 2011, 19:00  ET
    [Created 16 Jan 2007;
original AT&T Worldnet Website begun 30 May 1996.]

Update info on the top on ALL pages for your convenience.
URL http://berliner-ultrasonics.org/usonguid.html
(formerly http://home.att.net/~Berliner-Ultrasonics/usonguid.html 
moved to this domain on 05 Mar 2010)

S. Berliner, III
Consultant in Ultrasonic Processing
"changing materials with high-intensity sound"

SONOCHEMISTRY * REACTION ACCELERATION * DISRUPTION
HOMOGENIZATION * EMULSIFICATION * POLLUTION ABATEMENT
DISSOLUTION * DEGASSING * FINE PARTICLE DISPERSION
BENEFICIATION OF ORES AND MINERALS
CLEANING OF SURFACES AND POROUS MATERIALS

also see
Keywords (Applications) Index

[consultation is on a fee basis]

Specializing in brainstorming and devil's disciplery for new products and
reverse engineering and product improvement for existing products.

{"Imagineering"}

Technical and Historical Writer, Oral Historian
Popularizer of Science and Technology  


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S. Berliner, III's

berliner-ultrasonics.org

Ultrasonics Guidance Page


INDEX

PLEASE NOTE:  If some internal links refuse to work,
please click on Back and scroll down.

Ultrasonics Index

On the main Ultrasonics Page:
    Applications List.
    Probe-type Ultrasonic Processing Equipment.
    Quick Links to Major Ultrasonic Probe Manufacturers (moved to this page 10 Jul 2002).
    Brain Storming - bright ideas, pipe dreams, pie-in-the-sky?

On Ultrasonics Page A
    AL-1C - "CONDENSED GUIDE TO ULTRASONIC PROCESSING"
        (A Layperson's Explanation of a Complex Letterhead).
    AL-1P - "A POPULARIZED GUIDE TO ULTRASONIC PROCESSING".

On Ultrasonics Page 1:
    AL-1V - "A POPULARIZED GUIDE TO ULTRASONIC CAVITATION"
        (A Non-Technical Explanation of "Cold Boiling"
            moved from the preceding page 12 Feb 2000).
    ULTRASONIC DEGASSING.
    TUBULAR HORNS (Radial Radiators).
    CARE of TIPS (Radiating Faces).

On Ultrasonics Page 1A:
    AL-4 - AMPLITUDE MEASUREMENT.
    Free Bubbling.
    Bubble Entrapment.
    Foaming and Aerosoling - moved 28 May 2002 to this Page 4.
    Extenders.
    Call for Contributions for Book.

On Ultrasonics Page 2 (the next page):
    More on Cavitation.
    AL-2 - "ULTRASONICS AND FINE PARTICLES -
        BENEFICIATION OF SLURRIES AND FINE-PARTICLE SUSPENSIONS
        [CERAMICS, COAL & ORES, COATINGS, COLUMN PACKINGS,
            SINTERING, SLIPS].

On Ultrasonics Page 3:
    AM-1 - "ULTRASONIC STERILIZATION and DISINFECTION".
    UM-1 - "ULTRASONICS, HEARING, and HEALTH"
    Keywords (Applications) Index.
    What's New?

On Ultrasonics Page 4:
    Dissolution.
    Foaming and Aerosoling - moved 28 May 2002 from Page 1A.
    Ultrasonic Propulsion (Propulsive Force) - Moving Material.
    Ultrasonic Fountains - Atomization, Nebulization, Humidification,
        Misting, Particle Creation and Sizing.
    Ultrasonics and Nuclear Fusion.
    Boosters (Booster Horns).
    Quick Links to Major Ultrasonic Probe Manufacturers (moved to this page 10 Jul 2002).

On Ultrasonics Page 5:
    Ultrasonic Whistles (Nozzles, Atomizers, Nebulizers).
    AM-9 - The Use of Ultrasonic Probes in Fuel Research.

On Ultrasonics Page 6:
    Flow Through Horns.
    Explosion Resistance.
    ULTRASOUND - Sonar, Imaging, NDI/NDE, and HIFU.
    Quacks and Failures in Ultrasonics.

On Ultrasonics Page 6:
    EXTENDERS AND SAPPHIRE TIPS.
    ULTRASONIC DEBURRING.

On the Ultrasonic Cleaning Page:
    Ultrasonic Cleaning {in process}.
        Immersible Transducers.
        What's New?

On the Ultrasonics Guidance Page (this page):
        Tips/Suggestions

On the ULTRASONICS GLOSSARY page:
    ULTRASONICS GLOSSARY {in process}.

ULTRASONICS BIBLIOGRAPHY
    Ultrasonic Bibliography Page 1 - Reference Books on Acoustics,
        Vibration, and Sound.
    Ultrasonic Bibliography Page 2 - Sonochemistry.
    Ultrasonic Bibliography Page 3 - Selected Articles.


You are invited to visit the ULTRASONIC INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION home page.



CALL FOR CONTRIBUTIONS:  I am writing a book on "High-Intensity Ultrasonic Technology and Applications", on the practical application of power (high intensity) ultrasonics, the use of ultrasonic energy to change materials.  Contributions are welcome (see U/S page 1A).


THE CAVITATION BUBBLE

Larry Crum's Cavitation Bubble

[image from University of Washington, Applied Physics Laboratory (Lawrence Crum, Ph.D.)
- bubble diameter approximately 1mm]


ULTRASONICS



TIPS re ULTRASONICS

(as in Guidance and Suggestions)

This page is intended to present various little tid-bits or tips on enhancements to the succesful application of that I have run across or developed during my many years of practice in this rather-abstruse field.

[I must note that the phrase "as in Guidance" is used here bcause the word "TIP" also means the radiating surface of an ultrasonic horn or tool.  Some of these "tips" have appeared elsewhere on my site previously but seem to have mysteriously evaporated.]

VISCOUS LIQUIDS - sonicating viscous liquids, such as silicone high-vacuum pump oils, requires extreme care because the high viscosity may prevent removal of heat generated; exceedingly viscous oils are unable to flow readily enough to form convection currents and the oils "cooked" (turned white in the cavitation field) under extremes of intensity.

GLASS BEAD BREAKAGE - in using glass beads to enhance cavitation intensity (as noted on U/S Page 2), if they are coated with silicone or other films, please bear in mind that the impact of bead on bead and of shock fronts on cracked beads can split them or erode the surface coating, resulting in otherwise-inexplicable silica spikes in chemical analyses of samples.



You may wish to visit the main ULTRASONICS page, et seq., with more on ultrasonics, as well as the Ultrasonics Cleaning page {in process} and the Ultrasonics Glossary page {also in process}.


Those persons interested in SONOCHEMISTRY might wish to look at the sonochemistry pages of:

    Prof. Kenneth S. Suslick of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and

    Dr. Takahide Kimura at Shiga University in Japan.





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